Recent Comments

by admin2

  • 2017/12/09: bruce.schaub on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Thanks, Good Luck to you as well.

  • 2017/12/08: John Upshaw on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Many good comments have been made regarding what is required to have a transformative process in pursuit of “getting it” by Bruce and Kelvin. It is a long and arduous journey! I am extremely grateful to have Master Chen to guide me. I am also grateful to have several disciple brothers that have contributed to my growth, whom all are at various levels of ability. I seek to continually progress…which requires continual practice…I have so much to work on…I use the Three-Character Cannon On Learning by Grand Master Hong Junsheng as a reminder of how to “stay the course”.

    Contemplate Frequently
    Practice Regularly
    Follow the Rules
    Seek Progress
    Don’t Rush
    Without Knowing
    Ability has Increased

    A statement by Grandmaster Hong as told to me by Master Chen…”the well is deep”…transformation is continuous…and the further one goes, the more difficult it becomes…I am convinced that only those that can persist, that can shut up and follow Shifu’s instructions, and regularly practice, will make progress…

  • 2017/12/08: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    “Master Chen gave a lecture at the first workshop I ever attended on ‘ setting up the furnace ‘ for example, and discussed the two main schools of thought.”
    The difference between the two main schools of thought would be interesting. And i like it a lot when Master Chen uses this language to describe Taiji. It is traditional language. But for people who have not experienced it, it makes no sense …
    There is also an external agent you can/should use, which helps a lot with this kind of work. Maybe without it is even impossible to achieve it.
    Well, thanks for the discussion. I´ll be gone now. Wish you good luck !

  • 2017/12/08: James Tam on Hong Kong – Sunday Class of Nicholas Fung – 12.2.2017

    Thank you Sarah for an excellent review/summary of the classes led by Nicholas Fung in Hong Kong. Great work! (Thumbs up!)

  • 2017/12/08: Kelvin Ho on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    By practicing the form and foundations repeatedly over a period of time, we are introducing new habits. The new habits have to be more dominant than the old habits. As an example, if one is asked to turn your waist and only the waist, more often than not, the person will be turning his shoulders or hips, maybe along the waist, but not the waist alone. The segmented way of doing the form trains us to have isolated actions. These isolated actions when used together later must still be independent of each other, and not get merged or fused together.

  • 2017/12/08: bruce.schaub on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    There are different schools of thought on what transformation is, and the procedure for achieving it. Also there are different stages. Master Chen gave a lecture at the first workshop I ever attended on ‘ setting up the furnace ‘ for example, and discussed the two main schools of thought. We follow a particular method that has to do with opening of the kua, which is a physical method that will ‘ release ‘ the dantien. Up to that point we don’t even talk about dantien. The focus is on opening the body. The body is systematically opened through a process of isolation. By breaking the body down and training the various parts in isolation, and learning the particular body method, the body is redeveloped and new relationships and connections are established between various body parts. Taijiquan is a martial art. This is hard training, and through hard training, the body cooks out impurities, and a healthy body with taiji coordination is established. You could say this is like a silk worm building a cacoon and something different emerging out of it. If taiji we have a concept called zhuan guan. It refers to the ‘ extreme limit ‘ . Taiji is the study of the extreme limit. Meaning at the extreme of one thing there is a turning over, at the extreme limit of yang , yin begins. These are the rules that govern out practice. But realistically there are many different transformations and I am only talking about the initial stages. It starts with in with elbow , out with hand.

  • 2017/12/08: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Actually i am not some type of authority or kind of schoolmaster, even if it might sound this way. I just point out to some critical issues in learning Taiji and Qigong and that is transformation.

  • 2017/12/07: bruce.schaub on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    I’m sorry but it’s a bit difficult to have a serious conversation with someone who is hiding behind such a pretentious alias as ‘ Immortal Body ‘ . Perhaps if you could use your real name we could discuss things further. You seem to be trying to assert yourself as some type of authority, and if you are you should be comfortable being who you actually are. Your tone suggests that you think you already know a lot. Your questions seem ( to me ) to have a snide trolling type tone. Perhaps I’m wrong. But I can tell you Master Chen does not like people to come on this site with fake names. So please, at least, use your real name. Thanks

  • 2017/12/07: Kelvin Ho on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Solving it will be a life-long pursue.

  • 2017/12/07: Nicholas Fung馮嘉傑(香港) on Your Next Step After A Workshop

    Yeap, for the Hong Kong one, you sure do.

  • 2017/12/07: Damien Zielinski on Your Next Step After A Workshop

    Uh… we get 50 webdollars for the site from attending workshops? Seriously?

  • 2017/12/06: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    ” … and that is precisely the reason no one gets it ” -> your assessment seems right. How many people progressed to elementary school ? What do you think ?
    Concerning Hong, Wikipedia says, he travelled around the world to teach Taiji. Have you more information on that ?

  • 2017/12/06: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Have you solved the puzzle of Yin Yang separation, and if so, what is the transformation like ?

  • 2017/12/06: bruce.schaub on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    You say ‘ in with elbow and out with hand is taiji kindergarten ‘ and that is precisely the reason no one gets it. They think it is too simple and not important enough and want whatever the next thing is that is more complicated or more deep. The reality is the body is a mess that must be sorted out. Think of the name Wild Horse Parts Mane. A wild horses mane is a mess, it must be carefully separated and a horse that has been broken and tamed and groomed has a mane that is separated and differentiated into two halves. It has been sorted out. In with elbow and out with hand is the same. It is the first step in sorting out the body and if it is realized, the body develops an understanding of yin yang differentiation that can be applied to other parts of the body. This was the genius of Hong. Trying to go on to more ‘ important ‘ things is like trying to learn calculus without ever having mastered addition and subtraction. You really can’t just skip steps.

  • 2017/12/06: Kelvin Ho on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    The training is to transform our bodies such that we can conform to the principle of separation of yin and yang. As an example, if you can stretch your hand without allowing your shoulder to move in the same direction of the hand. If your shoulder does move in the same direction and speed as the hand, there is no stretch in the arm.

  • 2017/12/06: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    If training is supposed to transform our bodies, then what is principle behind that ?

  • 2017/12/05: Kelvin Ho on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Principle: Separation of Yin and Yang
    Concept: Indirect Power
    Action: In with elbow no hand, out with hand no elbow.

    These are three ways of describing taiji. They are one and the same.

  • 2017/12/05: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Is it so simple ? What is the principle in your understanding ? Don´t tell me in with the elbow and out with the hand. This is Taiji-Kindergarten.

  • 2017/12/05: charlie wishon on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    I see lots of comments.. it’s very simple… very few follow the principle. only those that do get Taiji into their bodies…

  • 2017/12/04: taibarb7 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    In my view, it’s a matter of your understanding what you can see and what not. and then there are teachers who have a certain level as well – you can learn from any person. Sometimes it’s just the “why it is wrong what he/she is showing”. I have learned a lot from that.

    And then there are excellent teachers who try to make it more clear how you are supposed to move your body and that might seem like “not so good” to some students. It’s a way of teaching. The student is probably expected to eventually figure out the principle behind it.


  • 2017/12/04: Kelvin Ho on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    Using the eyes is one of the inputs to the experience. We often need to calibrate our eyes, ears, etc. After some period of diligent practice, you will be able to “see” how one’s form is done, and it is measured up against some physical comparison. At the basic level, you can see the protrusions and indentations. Your eyes can only see things that are at or below your current level, but not higher.

  • 2017/12/03: John on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    In my Tai Chi class, an instructor taught us a more flowery form, where there are more body twisting and focuses on how each move can be used for defences/attacks.
    Another would want us to do the straight forward form minus the body twisting, which she said these are the “extra flowery steps” and not essential in Chen style Tai Chi.
    I thought I am caught in some sorts of Tai chi politics…haha. I mean Tai Chi is probably a kind of martial art that you find different instructors wanting you to do things differently. Why they can’t just agreed among each other and make the art more uniformed and standardized?

    I am still new hence can’t really comment who is better. So when asked, I would always say they are both good and each have their strength and forte.

    Having said the above, this art probably get so personalized that may be one day when I have learnt enough, I might have my own movements (consolidate the goods from the two) and the stories go again. Sometimes I just wondering whether this is good or bad for the long term development of this art?

    My two cents worth…

  • 2017/11/29: 聖 胎 on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    “We have to see beyond the external appearance, and see how principles are attempted to be followed”
    If you want to see how principles are attempted to follow, you are still looking at the external appearance to assess them. You still use your eyes to see if the practioneer has mastered the transformation. Is Mastery exactly that, the transformation ? Is that the essence of Taiji ? If that is so, the only training focus should be the transformation. Push hands or fighting is just a byproduct, it is not the goal.
    I just recall some words of Hong : ” The pure blue flame, is the pure ability that comes from training”. What was Hong´s message with these words ?

  • 2017/11/28: Kelvin Ho on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    In Practical Method, our form (yilu) is an essential tool to transform our bodies. Within a given school, students should be doing it more or less the same, but they are not absolutely the same. That is unavoidable. People are at different stages. People can be understanding things differently or mistakenly because of background, whom they learned it from, etc. People can have a different training focus. We have to see beyond the external appearance, and see how principles are attempted to be followed.

  • 2017/11/27: Voodoo Child on Chi At The Top

    Sensei, how did you find yourself ? What is your Kundalini experience and how would you relate it to Taiji ?

  • 2017/11/27: John on Why are there differences among taiji masters?

    In my humble opinion, Tai Chi Forms should be unified so that we all perform the same steps, stance and movements. There isn’t a system in place currently hence resulted in too many variations even in Chen Style alone. Anyone can claim to be a master just because he/she does thing in a different manner. Some movements are so flowery and lack practicality but look nice.

    In my Tai Chi Class, different instructors taught the movements differently. What should I do? So out of respect, when Instructor A is teaching, I will follow his style. If Instructor B is around then I have to follow her way. I find this a hassle.

    In fact, there should be a world recognizable examination system, where trainee can be graded accordingly. i.e. unified movement for grading just like TKD.

    Just my two cents worth.

  • 2017/11/25: Voodoo Child on The Ascension Rock

    1. I can´t see the pictures. Please fix.
    2. to the one who wrote the article : I hope there is still hope. If not in this life, then maybe in another … let go of your desires to get it. It is just a projection of your ego seeking the “mysterious”. Don´t be attached to it, then it becomes suffering. Could also be, that you are doing something wrong in life. Ask the spirits of nature !
    What sightings were you looking for ? What do you expect ?

  • 2017/11/24: FirstGretta on Looking for a good sword in Longquan

    I see you don’t monetize your site, don’t waste your traffic, you can earn additional bucks every month because
    you’ve got high quality content. If you want to know
    how to make extra money, search for: Boorfe’s tips best
    adsense alternative

  • 2017/11/23: cliff tan on 2017 Ottawa Winter Seminar

    Master Chen looking GOOD!

  • 2017/11/20: James Tam on Don’t push, don’t move the hand.

    Good points! In the recent Ottawa workshop Master Chen Zhonghua made that clear.

  • 2017/11/20: James Tam on Ottawa Workshop Notes Nov. 18-19, 2017

    Thanks Kelvin for driving all the way to Ottawa to help out at the workshop and for posting all the important points of the workshop. Being able to do drills and push-hands with you was a very good learning experience.

  • 2017/11/20: James Tam on 2017 Ottawa Winter Seminar

    Excellent summary.
    Thanks Ming also for helping out at the workshop and for taking detailed and copious notes.
    Much appreciated.

  • 2017/11/17: pingwei on Practical Method Workshop in Las Vegas by Ping Wei on December 5

    The contact person in Las Vegas is Glenn Hall.

  • 2017/11/17: mudpuppy123 on Practical Method Workshop in Las Vegas by Ping Wei on December 5

    Where will the seminar be in Vegas?

  • 2017/11/11: estonte on “Practical Method Introduction Perth” Online Video Trailer

    Don’t move. Rotate. Open the Kua. In this video, Master Chen tells us what opening the kua means. It’s not a feeling of openness or extreme flexibility. It’s something very clear and simple that will tell you if your kua is opened or not. Thank you, Master Chen.

  • 2017/11/10: estonte on “The Triangles” Online Video Trailer

    Lol. I can see the triangle now. From this angle, he never moved the triangle. That’s amazing! Thank you, Master Chen.

  • 2017/11/10: estonte on “Learning Process” Online Video Trailer

    This is a very important video for all learners, not just for Practical Method. Master Chen talks about the danger of learning incorrectly and how that pertain to the Dao. Thank you, Master Chen.

  • 2017/11/10: estonte on “Taiji Theory” Online Video Trailer

    All human efforts are against the Dao. Everything you think and know is 100% wrong. Thank you, Master Chen, for your humor.

  • 2017/11/09: estonte on “General theory of practical method” Online Video Trailer

    Don’t move. Rotate. Humans can’t rotate, but we must rotate. This is the principle of Practical Method.

    I have watched all the trailers on Youtube, but watching the full video makes everything clear. Thank you, Master Chen.

  • 2017/11/07: James Tam on Calendar

    Master Chen Zhonghua’s Chen Style Taijiquan Practical Method Workshop in Ottawa

    Seminar: Sat 18th and Sun 19th of November, 2017
    Time: 9:30 am to 4:00 pm
    Location: Iron X Fitness, 85 Plymouth Street, Unit B-001, Ottawa (parking at rear of building)
    Fee: $180 for both days or $100 for one day
    Private Sessions: Fri 17th of November, 2017
    Fee: $100 per hour
    For more information and registration, please contact Rachelle Bergeron: 613.898.5146

  • 2017/11/06: Frédéric Métivier on Calendar


    I need information for the seminar in Ottawa 18 november 2017.

    Do you have a phone number ?

    Thank you

    Frédéric Métivier

  • 2017/11/06: Albert on Calendar

    Master Chen,
    After the Phoenix workshop (1/20-21/2018) you have an event at “Montery Open House 1/27/2018″. Can you give me more detail on this Open House event?

    Thank you.
    Albert Chung

  • 2017/10/30: Kelvin Ho on Equal and Opposite

    The two pairs are independent of each other. They may or may not share the same fixed dot and power source.

  • 2017/10/30: nick tangri on Equal and Opposite

    I can see that the two pairs have the front arm in common. Each pair seems to have a different centre, however.
    My question is…are the opening of the two pairs being driven by the same source, or are there two sources. The axis from front shoulder to front kua is also common, is this being used as a common fulcrum?

  • 2017/10/29: Kelvin Ho on Stretching and Switching Exercise on Oct. 28, 2017

    Here at

  • 2017/10/29: nick tangri on Stretching and Switching Exercise on Oct. 28, 2017

    Thank you. An excellent excercise to help understand and practice switching. If i have a question on any of your videos is it best to ask here or on your Youtube site?

  • 2017/10/24: vincent den hengst on Energy Alignment 1 Online Video

    I am studying this 4 videos serie for allmost 2 years thoroughly. Still keep putting in my yilu bits of deeper structure of proper alignment as taught by Master Chen. These videos are outright masterpieces of explanation of how to deal with power throughout your whole yilu performance unbrokenly, if you follow instructions narrowly. It helped me getting stronger and being more effective with just… alignment.

    There are so many principles, details and concepts being explained in order to build and keep your martial structure, that it answered a lot of my questions beforehand how to apply these in a) yilu and b) push hands and partner exersizes.

    Thanks to disciple of Master Chen’s, Bharghav Khaund, who tipped me to stay on this video for a while after two years of studying the basic yilu choreography. What an enrichment. What a mere proof (!yes, not belief) of the highest region of martial art Chen Style Taiji Practical Method of Hong’s lineage truly is. Start with this series immediatly after you learned yilu choreography, as I would recommend my fellow beginner students of master Chen’s.

  • 2017/10/23: Ming on Training in Ottawa

    Thanks once again to Kelvin to take the time and effort to share his understanding with the Ottawa group. I learned a great deal from Kelvin’s instructions.

    Master Hong said it best. In learning the Practical Method:

    還需要,You also need
    有良朋, To have good friends
    同學拳,To practice
    可互助。And experiment

  • 2017/10/23: Kelvin Ho on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Michael Calendra invites Master Chen to do a workshop in NYC at least once a year.

  • 2017/10/23: Kelvin Ho on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Once you feel the movements physically, when you re-watch the videos, you may see something you didn’t notice before. It’s like peeling an onion.

  • 2017/10/23: Kelvin Ho on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    The key is to be consistent (including in posting videos with a set frequency). I understand how we want to do it right, but we are never right. Often than not what the video showed was the hard truth: I wasn’t doing what I thought I was doing. As long as it was basically the best you could do at the time, it served well as a record of the practice. Over time, when you re-watched these videos, you could see progress given you had been practicing. Keep the video posts coming.

  • 2017/10/19: Carlos Hanson on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Hi Hugo! Thanks!

    You are absolutely correct. I kept making videos for awhile, but didn’t feel like they were the ones I wanted to post. Then I realized it had suddenly become years since I posted one.

    Part of my issue is letting my practice subside. It is definitely harder when you don’t have the incentive that comes from regular contact and missing the corrections or encouragement that comes from a teacher and classmates. However, this is a very open and welcoming community, so being more involved with posting videos, adding comments and participating in any remote access opportunities can definitely help with that.

    I will work on that. Thanks again.

  • 2017/10/19: Hugo Ramiro on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Hi Carlos! Great summary, thank you for writing it. On your last point, deviation: Especially as a remote learner, submitting videos is potentially nerve wracking, but incredibly useful. I recall enjoying and appreciating the videos you used to post. Posting videos of ourselves allows us to connect with other practitioners, participate in a sense of community and receive and give feedback, which does not have to be wrong or right – it just has to be different from the mental rut that each of us gets into on our own.
    Thanks again for your summary!

  • 2017/10/17: Mark Neis on Master Chen in Houston, Texas

    Jeff Clevenger…

    Sir, If you have any available time to chat please call me at 1-346-814-8414

    Mark Neis

    Houston, Texas

  • 2017/10/16: James Tam on New class starting in Ottawa

    Hi Charles,
    Yes. Sorry to confirm that it was early October that I received notice that the studio where John was holding his classes was being closed.
    Thank you for visiting the Taijiquan classes at the Adult High School, 300 Rochester St. As you are aware, the classes are from 9:30 to 11:30 am on Saturdays. You can download the registration and waiver form from the Ottawa Taichi Chuan Association’s (OTCA) website, Please bring the signed form and fees to the beginner’s class that is held at the lower gym where you had visited. Ming Tam is the instructor of the beginner’s class (contents include Basics, Foundations and the first hand form, called “Yilu”, that consists of 81 “postures”) and he would be able to direct you to an OTCA committee member to take care of your registration. [OTCA Registration Form]

  • 2017/10/14: Ted on Stillness in Motion, Motion in Stillness

    I agree…I now practice a type of tai chi but previously practiced and taught a Japanese form of karate for 35 years or so. me “stillness” is a term describing a state of mind vital to and part of any martial art properly taught.

    Other terms such as “no mind” have been used but its all one…No martial art can actually “work” without this powerful state of mind wherein one can experience the chi in motion. this state of mind is not related to violence in any way but rather leads to greater self awareness

  • 2017/10/12: Paddy Hanratty on Local & Global Moves, Rotations & Revolutions

    Thanks again

  • 2017/10/12: Paddy Hanratty on Points to Remember

    Thanks for the notes Gavin

  • 2017/10/10: Charles on New class starting in Ottawa

    Goodday James,
    How does one proceed to join your club on Saturday mornings ?
    Unfortunately, John does not teach anymore on Sunday’s.


  • 2017/10/10: Gavin on Points to Remember

    Hi Sarah, we had to double check with Master Chen with what he meant with that one too, here’s what he said:

    “The elbow cannot push towards the hand. It moves inward towards the dantian but the force generated lines up with the hand.”

    Also another thing to note is that all these points are in reference to push hands and making contact with an opponent.

    Hope that helps.

  • 2017/10/09: Dan Bixler on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Here is a link to Michael’s website –

  • 2017/10/09: Dan Bixler on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Hello Jason. Michael Calandra is a long time student and disciple of Master Chen, located in Floral Park, NY. I can vouch for him being an awesome teacher. I had a private lesson with him a couple of years ago, and learned so much. I haven’t been able to make it to a seminar yet, but I’m hoping to in the near future.

  • 2017/10/08: Jason on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    Thanks Carlos and Ping Wei. Are there many Practical Method practitioners around NYC? I have only seen a school on Long Island, but perhaps thought there are those still at earlier stages in their training that they are not teaching and may be useful to work out with?

  • 2017/10/08: Sarah on Points to Remember

    Thank you,Gavin!I have one question:Why can’t the elbow be fixed up with the hand? Thank you!!

  • 2017/10/06: Carlos Hanson on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar


    Good questions. I have spent the majority of my time as a remote learner. The first lesson is choreography. If you are interested, follow the videos to learn the movements. Don’t expect it to be correct, but that is ok. It is the starting point.

    If you really want to learn, you must attend a seminar. Ideally, a minimum of two. The second one teaches you that you didn’t learn as much as you thought you did the first time.

    At that point, maybe you’ll have enough to work on if you can’t regularly attend seminars. That is where I am. Three key points: don’t move, open kua, rotate.

    Occasionally, I ask my oldest son if I can push him around. It surprises me how easily I can and how hard he works in comparison. If you can find someone, even occasionally, that will help.

    My only concern at this point is if I am deviating from learning properly. I don’t know what my real progress is. But what I have learned and the potential I see is awesome. After my first seminar, I chose to make the Practical Method my primary, rather than supplemental, practice. I saw no point in anything else.

    If you can get to a seminar, you won’t be disappointed.

  • 2017/10/06: pingwei on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    There’s an old saying, “Seeing is believing.” In Practical Method, most often, seeing is “deceiving”. What you saw is not what really happened. You have to touch Master Chen to get to understand how a move was executed. That’s the significant difference of learning from videos vs learning in a workshop or classes. Of course, videos are powerful resources. Workshops are irreplaceable.
    Master Chen’s scheduled US workshop will be on January 20 and 21, 2018 in Phoenix, Arizona.

  • 2017/10/06: Jason on Learning the Practical Method: from Videos to Seminar

    This post is really helpful and encouraging for someone thinking about doing practical method. I was curious how the progress is several years on for those who began learning remotely/ online. I have begun trying the foundations from the online videos but worry about going down the path of practical method if I do not have anyone to train with – even if other novices. For those who trained remotely, did you have other novices to work with between hands on sessions with Master Chen or a qualified PM teacher, or as one respondent said peers or students who study other styles of Taiji/ martial arts?

    It seems from some past comments that some who did this had other taijiquan experience as well. Did you supplement existing practice with practical method or did you replace? I have found that the explanations of body mechanics in th videos have significantly increased my existing understanding of taijiquan already, which is why I have thought more about going more fully in the practical method direction.

  • 2017/09/26: Allan Belsheim on “Yilu Detailed Instructions Section 2, 2015” Online Video Trailer

    This is a series that contains all the 6 sections though only the first 2 sections have been released. The others will eventually follow. In the meantime, check the Energy Alignment series if you are impatient to continue the Yilu or find a qualified instructor if one is available. There are other videos that may also be helpful until Section 3 to 6 are released if you search the instructional Videos here.
    The Detailed Yilu Instruction Series is one of the most important collections concerning the choreography of the Chen Style Practical Method Yilu.

  • 2017/09/25: namphon on Thigh in Tai Chi Chuan Online Video

    Wow such good explanation and skill:)

  • 2017/09/08: James Tam on New class starting in Ottawa

    John Dahms’s classes are on Sundays 10 am – noon, (3rd floor) 111A Rideau Street. Students of all levels are welcome. John is an excellent instructor and is the most skilled in Ottawa.

Comments on this entry are closed.