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Chen Style Taijiquan Practical Method 81-Form Names

by webmaster on 2007/12/07

History

It is believed that Chen Changxing was the master who created this form by combining many of the barehand forms of the Chen Family. Changxing is the master who taught Yang Luchan.

This form was taught to Chen Zhonghua by Hong Junsheng. Hong learned it from Chen Fake (Chen Changxing’s great grand-son) from 1930 to 1944. Then in 1956, Hong spent another four months with Chen Fake refining this form. Every single move in this form was corrected by Chen Fake numerous times. Hong practiced this form all his life. It was his foundation form and he required that all his students start with this form.

Chen Zhonghua learned this form from Hong Junsheng in 1979. It took him till 1983 to finish learning it. He practiced this form daily from 1985 to 1991. After 1991, he received corrections on it from Hong once a year until 1994.

Characteristics

  • This form is likened to that of Chinese calligraphy. Every move must be straight forward, and cleanly executed.
  • Movements must be spirals.
  • The moves must look like they “Flow like a river”.
  • The movement is relaxed and yet powerful. This means the movements cannot lose their integrity.
  • Movements must be dance like: open and big.

Requirements

  • This form is performed with even and slow motion.
  • The body must always be kept upright with the head to huiyin line suspended as the axis at all times.
  • Movements must be wide and open so that all possible flaws are exposed and corrected.
  • Movement must start from the dantian, not from the hand. Inside must lead the outside.
  • Action should be mainly on the lower half of the body, not the upper half.

Form Names

Section One
Preparation Form

1. Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Jin Gang dao Dui)

2. Block Touching the Coat (Lan Ca Yi)

3. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi)

4. Single Whip (Dan Bian)

5. Turn Left and Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Zuo Zhuan Shen Dao Dui)

6. White Crane Spreads its Wings (Bai He Liang Chi)

7. Brush the Knee in Oblique Stance (Lou Xi Ao Bu)

8. First Closing (Chu Shou)

9. Walk Obliquely in Twist Steps (Xie Xing Ao Bu)

10. Second Closing-(Zai Shou)

11. Wade Forward in Twist Steps (Qian Tang Ao Bu)

12. The Fist of Covering Hand (Yan Shou Gong Chui)

13. Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Jin Gang Dao Dui)

Section Two

14. Cross Hands (Shi Zi Shou)

15. Draping Over Body Fist (Pi Shen Chui)

16. Fold the Back to Hit (Bei Zhe Kao)

17. Fist Covering the Hands Downwards (Xia Yan Shou Chui)

18. Step Up to Push with Two Hands (Jin Bu Shuang Tui Shou)

19. Change Palms Three Times (San Huan Zhang)

20. Fist Under Elbow (Zhou Di Chui)

21. Reversed Coiling of Forearm (Dao Juan Gong )

22. White Crane Spreads its Wings (Bai He Liang Chi )

23. Brush the Knee in Oblique Stance (Lou Xi Ao Bu)

24. Flash To Open the Back (Shan Tong Bei )

25. Step Forward to Punch Covering the Hand (Jin Bu Yan Shou Chui )

26. Step Back and Block Touching the Coat (Tui Bu Lan Ca Yi)

27. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi)

28. Single Whip (Dan Bian)

Section Three

29. Upper Cloud Hands (Shang Yun Shou)

30. High Pat on Horse (Gao Tan Ma)

31. Rub Right Foot (You Cha Jiao)

32. Rub Left Foot (Zuo Cha Jiao)

33. Turn Left and Kick With Left Heel (Zuo Zhuan Shen Deng Jiao)

34. Wade Forward and Twist Step on Both Sides (Qian Tang Ao Bu)

35. The Punch to the Ground (Ji Di Chui)

36. Turn Over Body and Double Kick (Er Qi Jiao)

37. The Fist Protecting the Heart (Hu Xin Quan)

38. Tornado Kick (Xuan Feng Jiao)

39. Turn Right and Kick With Right Heel (You Zhuan Shen Deng Jiao)

40. The Fist of Covering the Hand (Yan Shou Gong Chui)

41. Small Catching and Hitting (Xiao Qin Da)

42. Embrace Head to Push Mountain (Bao Tou Tui Shan)

43. Change Palm Three Times (San Huan Zhang)

44. Oblique Single Whip (Dan Bian)

Review

Section Four

45. Forward Trick (Qian Zhao)

46. Backward Trick (Hou Zhao)

47. Part the Wild Horse’s Mane on Both Sides (Yie Ma Fen Zong)

48. Turn Left with Six Sealing and Four Closing (Zuo Zhuan Shen Liu Feng Si Bi)

49. Single Whip (Dan Bian)

50. Step Back to Double Shake the Feet (Tui Bu Shuang Zhen Jiao)

51. Jade Girl Works at Shuttles (Yu Nu Chuan Suo)

52. Block Touching the Coat (Lan Ca Yi)

53. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi)

54. Single Whip (Dan Bian)

Section Five

55. Middle Cloud Hands (Zhong Yun Shou)

56. Double Lotus Kick (Shuang Bai Lian)

57. Fall and Split (Die Cha)

58. Left Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg (Zuo Jin Ji Du Li)

59. Right Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg (You Jin Ji Du Li)

60. Reversed Coiling of Forearm (Dao Juan Gong )

61. Turn Left and Step in to Squeeze (Zuo Zhuan Shen Jin Bu Ji)

62. Right Elbow Strike (Shun Lan Zhou)

63. White Crane Spreads Its Wings (Bai He Liang Chi)

64. Brush the Knee in Oblique Stance (Lou Xi Ao Bu)

65. Flash the Back (Shan Tong Bei)

66. Step Forward to Punch Covering the Hand (Jin Bu Yan Shou Heng Chui)

67. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi)

68. Single Whip (Dan Bian)

Section Six

69. Lower Cloud Hands (Xia Yun Shou)

70. High Pat on Horse (Gao Tan Ma)

71. Cross Lotus Kick (Shi Zi Bai Lian)

72. The Punch Pointing to the Groin (Zhi Dang Chui)

73. The White Ape Presents Fruit (Yuan Hou Xian Guo)

74. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi)

75. Dan Bian (Single Whip)

76. The Dragon Through the Ground (Chuan Di Long)

77. Step Forward to Ride the Whale (Shang Bu Qi Xing)

78. Step Back to Mount the Tiger (Tui Bu Kua Hu)

79. Turn and Lotus Kick (Zhuan Shen Bai Lian Jiao)

80. Front Gate Cannon Fist (Dang Men Pao)

81.Turn Left and Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Zuo Zhuan Shen Dao Zhui)

Closing Form
Review and Test

 

{ 5 comments… read them below or add one }

dersu December 20, 2014 at 8:44 am

has anyone ever made a list with the names in Pinyin with tone marks and with the chinese characters?

Reply

edliaw December 21, 2014 at 10:54 pm

I found this list (for Hunyuan style but the names should be the same I think) http://www.silkreeler.com/drupal/?q=node/22

Reply

Frank December 22, 2014 at 10:24 am

Section One
1. Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Jin Gang dao Dui 金刚捣碓)
2. Block Touching the Coat (Lan Ca Yi 懒扎衣)
3. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi 六封四闭)
4. Single Whip (Dan Bian 单鞭)
5. Turn Left and Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Zuo Zhuan Shen Dao Dui 左转身捣碓)
6. White Crane Spreads its Wings (Bai He Liang Chi 白鹤亮翅)
7. Brush the Knee in Oblique Stance (Lou Xi Ao Bu 搂膝拗步)
8. First Closing (Chu Shou 初收)
9. Walk Obliquely in Twist Steps (Xie Xing Ao Bu 斜行拗步)
10. Second Closing-(Zai Shou 再收)
11. Wade Forward in Twist Steps (Qian Tang Ao Bu 前蹚拗步)
12. The Fist of Covering Hand (Yan Shou Gong Chui 掩手肱捶)
13. Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Jin Gang Dao Dui 金刚捣碓)

Section Two
14. Cross Hands (Shi Zi Shou 十字手)
15. Draping Over Body Fist (Pi Shen Chui 撇身捶)
16. Fold the Back to Hit (Bei Zhe Kao 背折靠)
17. Fist Covering the Hands Downwards (Xia Yan Shou Chui 下掩手捶)
18. Step Up to Push with Two Hands (Jin Bu Shuang Tui Shou 进步双推手)
19. Change Palms Three Times (San Huan Zhang 三换掌)
20. Fist Under Elbow (Zhou Di Chui 肘底捶)
21. Reversed Coiling of Forearm (Dao Juan Gong 倒卷肱)
22. White Crane Spreads its Wings (Bai He Liang Chi 白鹤亮翅)
23. Brush the Knee in Oblique Stance (Lou Xi Ao Bu 搂膝拗步)
24. Flash To Open the Back (Shan Tong Bei 闪通背)
25. Step Forward to Punch Covering the Hand (Jin Bu Yan Shou Chui 进步掩手捶)
26. Step Back and Block Touching the Coat (Tui Bu Lan Ca Yi 退步懒扎衣)
27. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi 六封四闭)
28. Single Whip (Dan Bian 单鞭)

Section Three
29. Upper Cloud Hands (Shang Yun Shou 上云手)
30. High Pat on Horse (Gao Tan Ma 高探马)
31. Rub Right Foot (You Cha Jiao 右擦脚)
32. Rub Left Foot (Zuo Cha Jiao 左擦脚)
33. Turn Left and Kick With Left Heel (Zuo Zhuan Shen Deng Jiao 左转身蹬脚)
34. Wade Forward and Twist Step on Both Sides (Qian Tang Ao Bu 前蹚拗步)
35. The Punch to the Ground (Ji Di Chui 击地捶)
36. Turn Over Body and Double Kick (Er Qi Jiao 二起脚)
37. The Fist Protecting the Heart (Hu Xin Quan 护心拳)
38. Tornado Kick (Xuan Feng Jiao 旋风脚)
39. Turn Right and Kick With Right Heel (You Zhuan Shen Deng Jiao 右转身蹬脚)
40. The Fist of Covering the Hand (Yan Shou Gong Chui 掩手肱捶)
41. Small Catching and Hitting (Xiao Qin Da 小擒打)
42. Embrace Head to Push Mountain (Bao Tou Tui Shan 抱头推山)
43. Change Palm Three Times (San Huan Zhang 三换掌)
44. Oblique Single Whip (Dan Bian 单鞭)

Section Four
45. Forward Trick (Qian Zhao 前招)
46. Backward Trick (Hou Zhao 后招)
47. Part the Wild Horse’s Mane on Both Sides (Yie Ma Fen Zong 野马分鬃)
48. Turn Left with Six Sealing and Four Closing (Zuo Zhuan Shen Liu Feng Si Bi 左转身六封四闭)
49. Single Whip (Dan Bian 单鞭)
50. Step Back to Double Shake the Feet (Tui Bu Shuang Zhen Jiao 退步双震脚)
51. Jade Girl Works at Shuttles (Yu Nu Chuan Suo 玉女穿梭)
52. Block Touching the Coat (Lan Ca Yi 懒扎衣)
53. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi 六封四闭)
54. Single Whip (Dan Bian 单鞭)

Section Five
55. Middle Cloud Hands (Zhong Yun Shou 中云手)
56. Double Lotus Kick (Shuang Bai Lian 双摆莲)
57. Fall and Split (Die Cha 跌岔)
58. Left Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg (Zuo Jin Ji Du Li 左金鸡独立)
59. Right Golden Rooster Stands on One Leg (You Jin Ji Du Li 右金鸡独立)
60. Reversed Coiling of Forearm (Dao Juan Gong 倒卷肱)
61. Turn Left and Step in to Squeeze (Zuo Zhuan Shen Jin Bu Ji 左转身进步挤)
62. Right Elbow Strike (Shun Lan Zhou 顺拦肘)
63. White Crane Spreads Its Wings (Bai He Liang Chi 白鹤亮翅)
64. Brush the Knee in Oblique Stance (Lou Xi Ao Bu 搂膝拗步)
65. Flash the Back (Shan Tong Bei 闪通背)
66. Step Forward to Punch Covering the Hand (Jin Bu Yan Shou Heng Chui 进步掩手肱捶)
67. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi 六封四闭)
68. Single Whip (Dan Bian 单鞭)

Section Six
69. Lower Cloud Hands (Xia Yun Shou 下云手)
70. High Pat on Horse (Gao Tan Ma 高探马)
71. Cross Lotus Kick (Shi Zi Bai Lian 十字摆莲)
72. The Punch Pointing to the Groin (Zhi Dang Chui 指裆捶)
73. The White Ape Presents Fruit (Yuan Hou Xian Guo 猿猴献果)
74. Six Sealing and Four Closing (Liu Feng Si Bi 六封四闭)
75. Dan Bian (Single Whip 单鞭)
76. The Dragon Through the Ground (Chuan Di Long 穿地龙)
77. Step Forward to Ride the Whale (Shang Bu Qi Xing 上步七星)
78. Step Back to Mount the Tiger (Tui Bu Kua Hu 退步跨虎)
79. Turn and Lotus Kick (Zhuan Shen Bai Lian Jiao 转身摆莲脚)
80. Front Gate Cannon Fist (Dang Men Pao 当门炮)
81.Turn Left and Buddha’s Warrior Attendant Pounds Mortar (Zuo Zhuan Shen Dao Zhui 左转身捣碓)

Reply

charlie wishon December 22, 2014 at 12:10 pm

Very precise Frank.

Reply

dersu December 25, 2014 at 6:27 pm

thanks! that’s great. maybe I’ll try adding the tone marks for anyone who is trying to learn to pronounce the names correctly.

Reply

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